Deciphering water damage in your Missoula home: Clean, Grey, and Black Water
Water damage is water damage, plain and simple- right? Not exactly.
In the restoration industry, there are three categories of water as defined by the Institute of Inspection, Cleaning, and Remediation Certification (IICRC): clean water, gray water, and black water.
Clean water, also referred to as Category 1, is water that comes from a sanitary source such as rainwater or snowmelt, a faucet, or a broken pipe or toilet tank and does not pose an immediate health risk to a structure’s inhabitants. When Category 1 water losses are caught and dried out quickly, the structure is much less likely to require repairs. If left for 48 hours or more, however, clean water can turn to gray water and require more extensive mitigation.
Gray water: which causes Category 2 water losses, includes dirty water from washing machines, dishwashers, aquariums, or shower or sink drains. Water from these sources is considered gray water because it contains significant levels of contamination from bacteria, mold, or chemicals, and may pose health risks to a structure’s inhabitants. Category 2 water losses are likely to require the removal of soft materials such as carpet pads, as they’re prone to bacterial growth. Gray water can become black water if left for 48 hours or longer.
Black water, or water from a Category 3 loss, comes from sewage back-ups or floodwaters. The contaminants found in black water (bacteria, mold, viruses) are known to cause diseases, and therefore Category 3 water losses pose serious health risks to a structure’s inhabitants. The IICRC says that black water causes “grossly unsanitary” conditions and for that reason, Category 3 water losses usually require the removal of all affected materials within a structure.
When water damage occurs, the source of the water determines several steps of the mitigation process, from how much personal protective equipment (PPE) technicians should wear to whether materials should be dried in place or removed entirely. Whatever the category of water, though, SERVPRO of Missoula has the tools to make water damage “Like it never even happened!”